Track specific industry or market to catch the potential for growth

ETF offers you to allocate wealth in specific industry or market while capturing the overall market tendency in one transaction.

Why invest in ETFs?

Exchange traded funds offer several key benefits:

  • Straightforward returns
    An ETF is often linked to an exchange index. So the return is linked to the overall performance of the index rather than a specific stock or share in it
  • Diversification built-in
    An ETF tracks the complete portfolio of an index, so your investment doesn't rely on a single stock or share's performance
  • Global reach
    An ETF can cover equity, bond markets and all industries worldwide, which gives you access to global asset allocation
  • Trade quickly and conveniently
    ETFs have high liquidity. They're traded on renowned securities exchanges worldwide like the NYSE. Trading time is flexible and trade volume is often high
  • Low transaction cost
    An ETF doesn't need a fund manager and research team to manage the portfolio. So the management fee is relatively low. You also won't need to frequently trade individual stocks to get capital gains, so taxes and service charges are effectively reduced
  • Know what you're getting
    The portfolio of an ETF is identical to the portfolio of the index that it tracks, so it's highly transparent
  • Passive management
    An ETF is traded in the same way as a stock. It is traded on the securities exchanges. It doesn't have a fund manager overseeing its portfolio

Types of ETFs

Tracking

This type of ETF tracks specific indexes, including stock indexes, industry indexes and country indexes. This type of ETF tracks the target indexes through replication or sampling. When the components or proportion of the linked index changes, the manager will adjust the portfolio of the ETF by adjusting the component stocks or weight. Adjustment is usually made at regular intervals, unlike a unit trust fund that is adjusted frequently.

Basket

More commonly known as HOLDRS (Holding Company Depository Receipts), this is not a true ETF but has similar characteristics. Unlike a tracking ETF, its portfolio is static. Once the stock components are bundled together by a fund manager, no new stock will be introduced to the same basket. Usually this type of fund focuses on a particular industry.

ETF returns

There are a few ways to make money investing in ETFs:

  • Capital gains
    Capital gain is the primary source of income for an ETF. Since an ETF invests in different types of stocks, it may earn a spread from buying low and selling high
  • Dividend income
    Whenever the stocks that make up the ETF pay out dividends, investors are entitled to their share of dividend income, minus any management fees or applicable taxes
  • Exchange gain
    If you invest in an ETF in a foreign currency, you may make money in the exchange rate when you sell it

Major differences between ETF and Unit Trusts (mutual funds)

Comparison Table  ETF (Passive Management) Unit Trusts (Active Management)
Objective Fully replication Optimization
Cost Low management fee and transacation cost High management fee and high turnover rate
Transparency High, easy to supervise Low (Difficult to learn the portfolio)
Diversify High Low
Asset Allocation Clear and accurate Control by fund manager
Tracking error Low High

Major differences between ETF and Unit Trusts (mutual funds)

Comparison Table  Objective
ETF (Passive Management) Fully replication
Unit Trusts (Active Management) Optimization
Comparison Table  Cost
ETF (Passive Management) Low management fee and transacation cost
Unit Trusts (Active Management) High management fee and high turnover rate
Comparison Table  Transparency
ETF (Passive Management) High, easy to supervise
Unit Trusts (Active Management) Low (Difficult to learn the portfolio)
Comparison Table  Diversify
ETF (Passive Management) High
Unit Trusts (Active Management) Low
Comparison Table  Asset Allocation
ETF (Passive Management) Clear and accurate
Unit Trusts (Active Management) Control by fund manager
Comparison Table  Tracking error
ETF (Passive Management) Low
Unit Trusts (Active Management) High

Things to know

  • All money you invest in ETFs is an investment, not a deposit. Therefore, your money isn't protected by the Central Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC).
  • Remember when choosing ETFs that past performance doesn't guarantee future performance. The price of the ETF may fluctuate. The value of your investments could go down as well as up. And you could get back less than you invested.   
  • While you have no risk in individual stocks, you still have to assume market risk.
  • It is impossible for an ETF to fully replicate or track the indexes like-for-like.
  • The method of an ETF trade is the same as a stock trade. Whenever there is a significant event in the market, you may be unable to subscribe or sell your ETF.
  • If the underlying currency of an ETF strengthens, you will get an exchange gain. If it weakens, you will suffer exchange loss.
  • Determinants of “ETF” prices
    The prices of ETF are determined by the trading value of the specific indexes contained in the portfolios plus any unpaid income. 
  • Performance of ETF
    Return of Investment is the most direct way to assess the performance of ETF, and the equation for calculation is shown below:
    {[(the most recent price of the ETF - the subscription price of the ETF) + dividends paid out from the index stocks contained in the portfolio] ÷ the subscription price of the ETF}×100%.
  • Currency for ETF Trade
    The currency for ETF trade shall be determined by the exchange of the country where the ETF is registered. 
  • Transaction fee charges of ETF
    Charges may be applied to the subscription or holding of ETF, including subscription fee, redemption fee, custodian fee, and any required charge by exchange etc. Charges resulting from ETF trade itself such as the custodian fee of the custodian bank and miscellaneous expense will be internally deducted. Investors are not required to make extra payment. Related fee information, please refer to the fund prospectus. 
  • Basis of ETF price
    This instrument is traded in offshore exchanges. The execution and confirmation of trade shall be based on the trading hours at the place of trade. As such, the price of this instrument may be determined only on the business day after the execution of trade due to different time zones. The product’s execution price should be confirmed when the bank receives the transaction confirmations from the counterparty.
  • Applicable tax code to ETF
    The tax law of the USA requires that non-US nationals who have incomes, including cash dividends and others, inside US territory be subject to a 30% of withholding tax. This taxation standard may vary with the content of the trade or changes in the market.